Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2021
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 3 - SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
Significant Accounting Policies
There have been no material changes to the Company’s significant accounting policies as set forth in the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements included in the Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020 under Note 3 - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, except as disclosed in this note.
Basis of Presentation and Principles of Consolidation
The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“U.S. GAAP”) for interim financial information. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and disclosures required by U.S. GAAP for annual consolidated financial statements. In the opinion of management, the accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements include all adjustments which are considered necessary for a fair presentation of the unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements of the Company as of September 30, 2021, and for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020. The results of operations for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for the full year ending December 31, 2021 or any other period. For additional information, these condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited consolidated financial statements of and notes thereto included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the SEC on July 9, 2021.
On November 6, 2020 (the “Closing Date”), the Company consummated a business combination (the “Business Combination”) pursuant to which, among other things, a subsidiary of the Company merged with and into 180, with 180 continuing as the surviving entity and a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company (the “Merger”, and the Company prior to the Merger sometimes referred to herein as “KBL”). The Business Combination was accounted for as a reverse recapitalization, and 180 is deemed to be the accounting acquirer. Consequently, the assets and liabilities and the historical operations that are reflected in these condensed consolidated financial statements prior to the Business Combination are those of 180 Life Corp. and its subsidiaries. The preferred stock, common stock, additional paid in capital and earnings per share amount in these condensed consolidated financial statements for the period prior to the Business Combination have been restated to reflect the recapitalization in accordance with the shares issued to the shareholders of the former parent, 180 Life Corp. as a result of the Business Combination.
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the historical accounts of 180 Life Corp. as accounting acquirer along with its wholly-owned subsidiaries, and, effective with the closing of the Business Combination, 180LS as the accounting acquiree. All intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates, judgments, and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, together with amounts disclosed in the related notes to the consolidated financial statements. The Company’s significant estimates and assumptions used in these financial statements include, but are not limited to, the fair value of financial instruments warrants, options and equity shares; the valuation of stock-based compensation; and the estimates and assumptions related to impairment analysis of goodwill and other intangible assets long-lived assets. Certain of the Company’s estimates could be affected by external conditions, including those unique to the Company and general economic conditions. It is reasonably possible that these external factors could have an effect on the Company’s estimates and may cause actual results to differ from those estimates.
Foreign Currency Translation
The Company’s reporting currency is the United States dollar. The functional currency of certain subsidiaries is the Canadian Dollar (“CAD”) (0.7867 and 0.7847 CAD to 1 US dollar each as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively or British Pound (“GBP”) (1.3458 and 1.3649 GBP to 1 US dollar, each as of September 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively), while expense accounts are translated at the weighted average exchange rate for the period (0.7992 and 0.7391 CAD, to 1 US dollar and 1.3847 and 1.2708 GBP to 1 US dollar for each of the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, and 0.7941 and 0.7504 CAD to 1 US dollar and 1.3784 and 1.2914 GBP to 1 US dollar for each of the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively). Equity accounts are translated at historical exchange rates. The resulting translation adjustments are recognized in stockholders’ equity as a component of accumulated other comprehensive income.
Comprehensive income (loss) is defined as the change in equity of an entity from all sources other than investments by owners or distributions to owners and includes foreign currency translation adjustments as described above. During the nine months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded other comprehensive income (loss) of $65,018 and ($562,626), respectively, as a result of foreign currency translation adjustments. During the three months ended September 30, 2021 and 2020, the Company recorded other comprehensive income (loss) of ($530,817) and $414,335, respectively, as a result of foreign currency translation adjustments.
Foreign currency gains and losses resulting from transactions denominated in foreign currencies, including intercompany transactions, are included in results of operations. The Company recognized ($218,834) and ($200,264) of foreign currency transaction gains (losses) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2021, respectively, and recognized $3,254 and $1,822 of foreign currency transaction gains (losses) for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, respectively. Such amounts have been classified within general and administrative expenses in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss.
Net Income (Loss) Per Common Share
Basic net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period, plus 1 share each of Class C and Class K Special Voting Shares (“Special Voting Shares”) exchangeable into an aggregate of 465,368 and 635,163 shares of 180LS common stock as of September 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively, without payment of additional consideration. Diluted net income (loss) per common share is computed by dividing net income (loss) by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, plus the number of additional common shares that would have been outstanding if the common share equivalents had been issued (computed using the treasury stock or if converted method), if dilutive.
The following table details the net income (loss) per share calculation, reconciles between basic and diluted weighted average shares outstanding, and presents the potentially dilutive shares that are excluded from the calculation of the weighted average diluted common shares outstanding, because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
The following common share equivalents are excluded from the calculation of weighted average common shares outstanding, because their inclusion would have been anti-dilutive:
Warrant, Option and Convertible Instrument Valuation
The Company has computed the fair value of warrants and options using a Black-Scholes model, while the embedded features associated with the convertible notes and convertible preferred stock issued were valued using the Monte-Carlo model. The expected term used for warrants, convertible notes and convertible preferred stock are the contractual life and the expected term used for options issued is the estimated period of time that options granted are expected to be outstanding. The Company utilizes the “simplified” method to develop an estimate of the expected term of “plain vanilla” option grants. The Company is utilizing an expected volatility figure based on a review of the historical volatilities, over a period of time, equivalent to the expected life of the instrument being valued, of similarly positioned public companies within its industry. The risk-free interest rate was determined from the implied yields from U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with a remaining term consistent with the expected term of the instrument being valued.
The Company has evaluated events that have occurred after the balance sheet date but before these condensed consolidated financial statements were issued. Based upon that evaluation, the Company did not identify any recognized or non-recognized subsequent events that would have required adjustment or disclosure in the financial statements, except as disclosed in Note 12 - Subsequent Events.
Certain prior year balances have been reclassified in order to conform to current year presentation. These reclassifications have no effect on previously reported results of operations or loss per share.
Recently Adopted Accounting Pronouncements
In December 2019, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (the “FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2019-12, “Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes,” which is intended to simplify various aspects related to accounting for income taxes. ASU 2019-12 removes certain exceptions to the general principles in Topic 740 and also clarifies and amends existing guidance to improve consistent application. The Company adopted ASU 2019-12 effective for January 1, 2021 and its adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s condensed consolidated financial statements and related disclosures.
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements
On May 3, 2021, FASB issued ASU 2021-04, Earnings Per Share (Topic 260), Debt—Modifications and Extinguishments (Subtopic 470-50), Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718), and Derivatives and Hedging—Contracts in Entity’s Own Equity (Subtopic 815-40): Issuer’s Accounting for Certain Modifications or Exchanges of Freestanding Equity-Classified Written Call Options. This new standard provides clarification and reduces diversity in an issuer’s accounting for modifications or exchanges of freestanding equity-classified written call options (such as warrants) that remain equity classified after modification or exchange. This standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Issuers should apply the new standard prospectively to modifications or exchanges occurring after the effective date of the new standard. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. If an issuer elects to early adopt the new standard in an interim period, the guidance should be applied as of the beginning of the fiscal year that includes that interim period. The Company is evaluating this new standard.
The entire disclosure for all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef