Description of Organization and Business Operations
|12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2018
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]
|DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS
1. DESCRIPTION OF ORGANIZATION AND BUSINESS OPERATIONS
KBL Merger Corp. IV (the “Company”) is a blank check company organized under the laws of the State of Delaware on September 7, 2016. The Company was formed for the purpose of effecting a merger, share exchange, asset acquisition, share purchase, reorganization or similar business combination with one or more businesses (“Business Combination”). Although the Company is not limited to a particular industry or geographic region for purposes of consummating a Business Combination, the Company intends to focus on the healthcare and related wellness industry. The Company is an emerging growth company and, as such, the Company is subject to all of the risks associated with early stage and emerging growth companies.
At December 31, 2018, the Company had not yet commenced operations. All activity through December 31, 2018 relates to the Company’s formation, its initial public offering (“Initial Public Offering”), which is described below, and identifying a target company for a Business Combination. The Company will not generate any operating revenues until after completion of its initial Business Combination, at the earliest. The Company generates non-operating income in the form of interest income from the proceeds held in trust derived from the Initial Public Offering and the Private Placement (defined below).
The registration statement for the Company’s Initial Public Offering was declared effective on June 1, 2017. On June 7, 2017, the Company consummated the Initial Public Offering of 10,000,000 units at $10.00 per unit (“Units” and, with respect to the shares of the Company’s common stock included in the Units offered, the “Public Shares”), generating gross proceeds of $100,000,000, which is described in Note 3.
Simultaneously with the closing of the Initial Public Offering, the Company consummated the private placement (“Private Placement”) of 450,000 units (“Private Units” and, with respect to the shares of the Company’s common stock included in the Private Units offered, the “Private Shares”) at a price of $10.00 per Private Unit in a private placement to the Company’s sponsor, KBL IV Sponsor LLC (the “Sponsor”), and the underwriters, generating gross proceeds of $4,500,000, which is described in Note 3.
On June 23, 2017, in connection with the underwriters’ election to fully exercise their over-allotment option, the Company consummated the sale of an additional 1,500,000 Units at $10.00 per Unit and the sale of an additional 52,500 Private Units at $10.00 per Private Unit, generating total gross proceeds of $15,525,000. Following the closing, an additional $15,150,000 of net proceeds ($10.10 per Unit) was placed in the Trust Account, resulting in $116,150,000 ($10.10 per Unit) held in the Trust Account (defined below).
Transaction costs amounted to $7,345,436, consisting of $2,875,000 of underwriting fees, $4,025,000 of deferred underwriting fees (see Note 5) and $445,436 of Initial Public Offering costs.
Pursuant to the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation, the Company initially had until December 7, 2018 (the “Initial Date”) to consummate a Business Combination, or March 7, 2019 if the Company had executed a letter of intent, agreement in principle or definitive agreement for a Business Combination by the Initial Date but has not completed a Business Combination by such date. Effective November 16, 2018, the Company entered into several non-binding letters of intent with various entities for a potential Business Combination. As a result, the Company extended the time by which it must consummate a Business Combination until March 7, 2019. There can be no assurance that the parties will enter into definitive agreements or that they will consummate the transactions contemplated by the non-binding letters of intent.
On March 5, 2019, the Company’s stockholders approved to extend the period of time for which the Company is required to consummate a Business Combination until June 7, 2019 (or September 9, 2019 if the Company has executed a definitive agreement for a Business Combination by June 7, 2019) or such earlier date as determined by the Company’s board of directors (the “Extension Amendment”, and such later date, the “Combination Period”). The number of shares of common stock presented for redemption in connection with the Extension Amendment was 5,128,523. The Company paid cash in the aggregate amount of $52,829,304, or approximately $10.30 per share, to redeeming stockholders. As a result of the payment on the shares of common stock presented for redemption in connection with the Extension Amendment, cash and marketable securities held in the Trust Account decreased to $65,633,068. In addition, on March 8, 2019, an aggregate of $573,433 was loaned to the Company and distributed as a cash payment to stockholders that did not redeem their Public Shares, which amount is equal to $0.09 for each of the 6,371,477 Public Shares that were not redeemed (the “Initial Loan”). The Initial Loan was paid from funds loaned to the Company by the Sponsor in the aggregate amount of $573,433.
The Sponsor or its designees has agreed to loan the Company $0.03 for each Public Share that is not redeemed for each calendar month commencing on June 7, 2019, and on the 7th day of each subsequent month, or portion thereof, that is needed by the Company to complete a Business Combination from June 7, 2019 until the Combination Period (the “Additional Loans” and, collectively with the Initial Loan, the “Loans”). The amount of the Loans will not bear interest and will be repayable by the Company to the Sponsor or its designees upon consummation of a Business Combination. The Sponsor or its designees will have the sole discretion whether to continue extending for additional calendar months until the Combination Period and if the Sponsor determines not to continue extending for additional calendar months, its obligation to make Additional Loans following such determination will terminate.
Following the closing of the Initial Public Offering and the Private Placement, an amount of $116,150,000 ($10.10 per Unit) from the net proceeds of the sale of the Units in the Initial Public Offering and the Private Units was placed in a trust account (“Trust Account”) and invested in U.S. government securities, within the meaning set forth in Section 2(a)(16) of the Investment Company Act of 1940, as amended (the “Investment Company Act”), with a maturity of 180 days or less or in any open-ended investment company that holds itself out as a money market fund selected by the Company meeting the conditions of Rule 2a-7 of the Investment Company Act, as determined by the Company.
The Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that, other than the withdrawal of interest to pay income taxes, if any, none of the funds held in the Trust Account will be released until the earlier of: (i) the completion of a Business Combination or (ii) the distribution of the Trust Account, as described below.
The Company’s management has broad discretion with respect to the specific application of the net proceeds of its Initial Public Offering and Private Units, although substantially all of the net proceeds are intended to be applied generally toward consummating a Business Combination. There is no assurance that the Company will be able to complete a Business Combination successfully. The Company must complete one or more initial Business Combinations having an aggregate fair market value of at least 80% of the assets held in the Trust Account (excluding the deferred underwriting commissions and taxes payable on income earned on the Trust Account) at the time of the agreement to enter into the initial Business Combination. However, the Company will only complete a Business Combination if the post-transaction company owns or acquires 50% or more of the outstanding voting securities of the target or otherwise acquires a controlling interest in the target sufficient for it not to be required to register as an investment company under the Investment Company Act.
The Company will provide holders of the outstanding Public Shares (“public stockholders”) with the opportunity to redeem all or a portion of their Public Shares upon the completion of a Business Combination either (i) in connection with a stockholder meeting called to approve the Business Combination or (ii) by means of a tender offer. The decision as to whether the Company will seek stockholder approval of a Business Combination or conduct a tender offer will be made by the Company, solely in its discretion. The public stockholders will be entitled to redeem their Public Shares for a pro rata portion of the amount then in the Trust Account ($10.10 per share, plus any pro rata interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to the Company for tax obligations). The per-share amount to be distributed to public stockholders who redeem their Public Shares will not be reduced by the deferred underwriting commissions the Company will pay to the underwriters (as discussed in Note 5). The Company will proceed with a Business Combination if the Company has net tangible assets of at least $5,000,001 upon consummation of such Business Combination and, if the Company seeks stockholder approval, a majority of the shares voted are voted in favor of the Business Combination.
If a stockholder vote is not required by law and the Company does not decide to hold a stockholder vote for business or other legal reasons, the Company will, pursuant to its amended and restated certificate of incorporation, conduct the redemptions pursuant to the tender offer rules of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”), and file tender offer documents with the SEC prior to completing a Business Combination. If, however, stockholder approval of the transactions is required by law, or the Company decides to obtain stockholder approval for business or legal reasons, the Company will offer to redeem shares in conjunction with a proxy solicitation pursuant to the proxy rules and not pursuant to the tender offer rules. Additionally, each public stockholder may elect to redeem their Public Shares irrespective of whether they vote for or against the proposed transaction. If the Company seeks stockholder approval in connection with a Business Combination, the initial stockholder (as defined below), officers and directors have agreed to vote their Founder Shares (as defined in Note 4), Private Shares, and any Public Shares purchased during or after the Initial Public Offering in favor of a Business Combination. In addition, the initial stockholder, officers and directors have agreed to waive their redemption rights with respect to their Founder Shares, Private Shares and Public Shares in connection with the completion of a Business Combination.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, the Company’s amended and restated certificate of incorporation provides that a public stockholder, together with any affiliate of such stockholder or any other person with whom such stockholder is acting in concert or as a “group” (as defined under Section 13 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Exchange Act”), will be restricted from redeeming its shares with respect to more than an aggregate of 15% or more of the Public Shares.
The Company’s Sponsor (the “initial stockholder”), officers and directors agreed not to propose an amendment to the Company’s amended and restated article of incorporation that would affect the substance or timing of the Company’s obligation to redeem 100% of its Public Shares if the Company does not complete a Business Combination, unless the Company provides the public stockholders with the opportunity to redeem their shares of the Company’s common stock in conjunction with any such amendment.
If the Company is unable to complete a Business Combination by June 7, 2019 (or September 9, 2019, as applicable), the Combination Period, the Company will (i) cease all operations except for the purpose of winding up, (ii) as promptly as reasonably possible but not more than ten business days thereafter, redeem the Public Shares, at a per-share price, payable in cash, equal to the aggregate amount then on deposit in the Trust Account, including interest (which interest shall be net of taxes payable and less up to $50,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses), divided by the number of then outstanding Public Shares, which redemption will completely extinguish public stockholders’ rights as stockholders (including the right to receive further liquidation distributions, if any), subject to applicable law, and (iii) as promptly as reasonably possible following such redemption, subject to the approval of the remaining stockholders and the Company’s Board of Directors, dissolve and liquidate, subject in the case of clauses (ii) and (iii) to the Company’s obligations under Delaware law to provide for claims of creditors and the requirements of other applicable law. There are no redemption rights or liquidating distributions with respect to the Company’s Rights, Warrants, Private Placement Warrants (as defined in Note 3) and the rights underlying the Private Units, which will expire worthless if the Company fails to complete its Business Combination within the Combination Period.
In connection with the redemption of 100% of the Company’s outstanding Public Shares for a portion of the funds held in the Trust Account, each holder will receive a full pro rata portion of the amount then in the Trust Account, plus any pro rata interest earned on the funds held in the Trust Account and not previously released to the Company for taxes payable and up to $50,000 of interest to pay dissolution expenses.
The initial stockholder, officers, directors and underwriters agreed to waive their liquidation rights with respect to the Founder Shares and Private Shares if the Company fails to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period. However, if they should acquire Public Shares in or after the Initial Public Offering, they will be entitled to liquidating distributions from the Trust Account with respect to such Public Shares if the Company fails to complete a Business Combination within the Combination Period. The underwriters agreed to waive their rights to their deferred underwriting commission (see Note 5) held in the Trust Account in the event the Company does not complete a Business Combination within in the Combination Period and, in such event, such amounts will be included with the other funds held in the Trust Account that will be available to fund the redemption of the Company’s Public Shares. In the event of such distribution, it is possible that the per share value of the residual assets remaining available for distribution (including Trust Account assets) will be only $10.10 per share initially held in the Trust Account. In order to protect the amounts held in the Trust Account, the Sponsor agreed to be liable to the Company if and to the extent any claims by a vendor for services rendered or products sold to the Company, or a prospective target business with which the Company has discussed entering into a transaction agreement, reduce the amount of funds in the Trust Account. This liability will not apply with respect to any claims by a third party who executed a waiver of any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to any monies held in the Trust Account or to any claims under the Company’s indemnity of the underwriters of the Initial Public Offering against certain liabilities, including liabilities under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”). Moreover, in the event that an executed waiver is deemed to be unenforceable against a third party, the Sponsor will not be responsible to the extent of any liability for such third party claims. The Company will seek to reduce the possibility that the Sponsor will have to indemnify the Trust Account due to claims of creditors by endeavoring to have all vendors, service providers (except for the Company’s independent registered public accountants), prospective target businesses or other entities with which the Company does business, execute agreements with the Company waiving any right, title, interest or claim of any kind in or to monies held in the Trust Account.
Going Concern and Liquidity
As of December 31, 2018, the Company had a cash balance of approximately $271,000, which excludes interest income of approximately $2,016,000 from the Company’s investments in the Trust Account which is available to the Company for tax obligations. Through December 31, 2018, the Company has withdrawn approximately $700,000 of interest income from the Trust Account to pay its income and franchise taxes, of which approximately $475,000 was withdrawn during the year ended December 31, 2018.
Until the consummation of a Business Combination, the Company will be using funds held outside of the Trust Account for paying existing accounts payable, identifying and evaluating prospective acquisition candidates, performing business due diligence on prospective target businesses, traveling to and from the offices, plants or similar locations of prospective target businesses, reviewing corporate documents and material agreements of prospective target businesses, selecting the target business to acquire and structuring, negotiating and consummating the business combination.
If the Company’s estimates of the costs of identifying a target business, undertaking in-depth due diligence and negotiating a Business Combination are less than the actual amount necessary to do so, the Company may have insufficient funds available to operate its business prior to a Business Combination. Moreover, the Company may need to obtain additional financing either to complete a Business Combination or because it becomes obligated to redeem a significant number of its public shares upon completion of a Business Combination, in which case the Company may issue additional securities or incur debt in connection with such Business Combination.
On March 15, 2019, the Company issued the Sponsor a promissory note (the “Promissory Note”), pursuant to which all outstanding advances were converted into loans under the Promissory Note. The Promissory Note is unsecured, non-interest bearing and due on the earlier of (i) the consummation of a Business Combination or (ii) the liquidation of the Company. Up to $1,000,000 of the loans under the Promissory Note may be converted, at the Sponsor’s discretion, into units of the post Business Combination entity at a price of $10.00 per unit. The units would be identical to the Private Units (see Note 4). As of March 15, 2019, there was $1,087,031 outstanding under the Promissory Note, inclusive of the $573,433 Initial Loan from the Sponsor in connection with the Extension Amendment.
In order to finance transaction costs in connection with a Business Combination, the Sponsor or an affiliate of the Sponsor, or certain of the Company’s officers and directors may, but are not obligated to (other than as described above), loan the Company funds as may be required. If the Company completes a Business Combination, the Company would repay such loaned amounts. In the event that a Business Combination does not close, the Company may use a portion of the working capital held outside the Trust Account to repay any such loaned amounts but no proceeds from the Trust Account would be used for such repayment. Up to $1,000,000 of such loans may be convertible into units of the post Business
If the Company is unable to raise additional capital, it may be required to take additional measures to conserve liquidity, which could include, but not necessarily be limited to, suspending the pursuit of a potential transaction. The Company cannot provide any assurance that new financing will be available to it on commercially acceptable terms, if at all.
In addition, in connection with the Company’s assessment of going concern considerations in accordance with Financial Accounting Standard Board’s Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) 2014-15, “Disclosures of Uncertainties about an Entity’s Ability to Continue as a Going Concern,” management has determined that the mandatory liquidation and subsequent dissolution raises substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern.
The liquidity condition and date for mandatory liquidation raise substantial doubt about the Company’s ability to continue as a going concern through June 7, 2019 (or September 9, 2019 as applicable), the scheduled liquidation date of the Company. These financial statements do not include any adjustments relating to the recovery of the recorded assets or the classification of the liabilities that might be necessary should the Company be unable to continue as a going concern.